If you have a friend or relative who is interested in Chinese culture, this shopping guide should help you find an appropriate gift. This guide is the result of years of research, and I have direct personal experience with many of the gift ideas listed here. Please contact me if you have questions about any items on this list or any suggestions for future additions to the list.
If the person with an interest in Chinese culture is you yourself, it’s also perfectly ok to use this list to give yourself a gift. You deserve it! (I hope. If not, you might want to hold off on buying anything until you do deserve it.)
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An acclaimed documentary produced by the BBC, Wild China focuses on a side of China that doesn’t get a lot of coverage in the Western media: stunningly beautiful natural areas like Zhangjiajie, Xianggelila, Guilin, and Huangshan (Yellow Mountain). The 6-episode series is narrated by Bernard Hill (King Theoden in the Lord of the Rings movies) and contains spectacular footage of remote places that are rarely seen, as well as places that are easily accessible to tourists but no less beautiful. It also gives fascinating insights into the lives of the people living in such areas, especially their relationship with the land and its wildlife. If you enjoyed Planet Earth and you’re interested in China, you’ll love Wild China. The higher-definition Blu-ray version is highly recommended in order to fully enjoy the magnificent footage captured in the series.
Note: Netflix customers can stream Wild China in high definition for free!
Here are a few other Chinese or China-related movies that we think you or your loved ones may enjoy. More films will be highlighted in future shopping guides, as Mainland China, Taiwan, and Hong Kong have produced many great films in the last few decades.
Infernal Affairs – Blu-ray (無間道): The acclaimed Hong Kong thriller that inspired The Departed, featuring Andy Lau, Tony Leung, and other stars of HK cinema. Also available on DVD.
Crouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon – Blu-ray (臥虎藏龍): Though the new version of its English subtitles has received some criticism, this contemporary classic is stunningly beautiful on Blu-ray. Also available on DVD.
Dragon Dynasty Triple Feature (Jet Li Collection): This set of classic Jet Li movies on Blu-ray includes The Legend (方世玉, also referred to as Fong Sai Yuk in English), Fist of Legend (精武英雄), and Tai Chi Master (太極張三豐). A great bargain for fans of Jet Li or kung fu movies in general. Also available on DVD.
Though unfortunately it is not available on Blu-ray, acclaimed director Chen Kaige’s The Emperor and the Assassin (荆轲刺秦王) is a well-acted, visually stunning historical epic about Qin Shihuang (originally named Ying Zheng, played by Li Xuejian), the unifier and first emperor of China. Its Shakespearean story portrays his relationship with his concubine Lady Zhao (played by Gong Li) and the consequences of the extreme brutality he employed in conquering the rival states that existed in his time. Like many films that present Chinese history and culture to the West in a sometimes critical light, the film has received some criticism in China. At 162 minutes, it is also quite slow-paced. However, its intense, nuanced, artful presentation of historical figures and events is ultimately powerful and thought-provoking. For an alternate portrayal of the First Emperor, you might consider The Emperor’s Shadow (秦颂), which was the most expensive film ever made in China at the time of its release in 1996. Though both of these films take some liberties with the historical record, they feature impressive cinematography and some of China’s best actors in iconic roles, including Gong Li, Zhang Fengyi, Li Xuejian, Jiang Wen, and Ge You.
Red Cliff (International Version) – Blu-ray (赤壁): Director John Woo’s uncut, 288-minute adaptation of the Chinese literary classic Romance of the Three Kingdoms is another film that has achieved both critical acclaim and great popularity. It features some of the most ambitious battle scenes ever filmed. See them in high definition on this Blu-ray release. Also available on DVD.
Shower (洗澡): A contemporary Chinese family drama involving the conflict between the traditional and modern worlds. A materialistic “prodigal son” with a successful career in Shenzhen, whose family runs a bathhouse in Beijing, returns home to visit his aging father and mentally challenged brother. There he finds himself slowly drawn into the traditional world he had left behind. A touching film that laments the precious, human things lost in the fast-paced lifestyle and relentless change of the modern world.
- Introductions to a number of other classic Chinese movies that highlight Beijing can be found on AMC’s blog post “The Last Emperor and Beyond: The 11 Best Movies About Beijing.”
Acclaimed Hong Kong director Wong Kar-wai’s Chungking Express (重慶森林), which weaves together two apparently separate stories involving cops and romance, is a quirky, memorable presentation of life in 1990’s Hong Kong. This Criterion Collection Blu-ray release has gotten rave reviews for its beautiful transfer of the film and special features. Hong Kong icons Tony Leung and Faye Wong (in her cinematic debut) star in one of the stories. This more recent Blu-ray release is easier to find at a reasonable price. Also available on DVD.
With Yi Yi (一一, sometimes referred to in English as A One and a Two), Taiwanese director Edward Yang won Best Director at the Cannes Film Festival in 2000. A slow, quiet meditation on modern family life, Yi Yi is not for everyone, but it is tremendously rewarding for patient and thoughtful viewers. This Criterion Collection Blu-ray release is the best way to experience this film. Criterion Collection release also available on DVD.
Aftershock (唐山大地震) is both a heartwrenching story of family tragedy and a historical document of the devastating effects, both short-term and long-term, of the 1976 Tangshan earthquake that killed approximately 250,000 people. Released in 2010, it became China’s biggest box office success ever. Many reviewers have called it one of the most powerful movies they have ever seen.
Last Train Home (归于列车): A moving documentary directed by Yixin Fan that candidly reveals the challenges faced by a rural family. Like many of China’s 130 million migrant workers, the Zhangs have had to leave their children in their home village while they pursue more lucrative work in the hope of giving their children a chance at a better life. Raw and though-provoking, but also beautiful and sometimes funny, the film presents their experiences in a way that is universally understandable.
China from the Inside: In the U.S. media, we are often exposed to a very narrowly Western perspective on China. As its title suggests, the 2007 PBS documentary series China from the Inside makes a genuine effort to present representative opinions from many Chinese citizens, scholars, and government officials on some of the major issues and challenges in contemporary Chinese society. The producers of the series had unprecedented access to places and activities that could not be easily seen by foreigners, and many of the people interviewed speak with refreshing candor. Through its objective but sensitive portrayal of the lives of ordinary citizens, the film makes contemporary China comprehensible even to Westerners not already familiar with it. The major topics covered in the four-part series are the status of women, the Communist Party, environmental challenges, and justice and freedom. Highly recommended to anyone who wants to gain real insight into Chinese society. Watch Episode 1 on YouTube here. (The other episodes can be found on the same channel.)
In Amongst White Clouds (共坐白云中), director Edward Burger documents the lives of Buddhist hermits in the Zhongnan Mountains south of Xi’an, an area which for thousands of years has been home to Taoist seekers and Buddhist monks isolated from society. In a meditative, understated style, the film shows what their quiet, simple lives are like, including the hardships they must endure in their search for enlightenment. Having lived with one of these masters for four years, Burger has keen insight into their experiences. The DVD makes a good gift for anyone interested in Chinese religion, philosophy, and meditation, but the documentary can also be viewed on YouTube here.
China Books (originally known as China Books and Periodicals), founded in 1960 and now located in South San Francisco, has a wide range of products (not just books and magazines), including some good deals in the “bargain bin” and “clearance” sections of its website.
Books About Chinese Art
Highly rated books that focus on the architectural wonders and other important sites in China include China’s Sacred Sites by Professor Nan Shunxun and Beverly Foit-Albert, which features photographs of not only temples and other important architecture but also the stunning landscapes that they adorn; Chinese Houses: The Architectural Heritage of a Nation (also available for Kindle) by Ronald G. Knapp, Jonathan Spence, and A. Chester Ong; and Yale University Press’s voluminous Chinese Architecture, the third volume in a planned 75-volume series on Chinese culture, which boasts contributions from six leading historians of Chinese architecture.
Art in China (Oxford History of Art) (Craig Clunas): This comprehensive introduction to China’s 5,000 years of visual arts is an expanded 2009 edition of the highly rated first edition published in 1997. Available for Kindle.
Books About Chinese Philosophy
For people interested in Taoist philosophy, there are a wide range of English texts to choose from. Here is a brief guide to the most acclaimed English editions of the Tao Te Ching (道德經, or Dào Dé Jīng):
- David Hinton’s translation is critically acclaimed for its poetic beauty as well as its linguistic and philosophical accuracy. Available for Kindle.
- The Vintage translation by Gia-Fu Feng and Jane English, long prized for its poetic evocation of Lao Tzu’s style, has recently been republished in a new edition. Like the popular original, it is an oversized book (10.9 x 8.4 inches) enhanced with meditative photos and a calligraphic version of the Chinese text. (There is also a smaller edition available, so take care when ordering.) Available for Kindle and iBooks.
- Red Pine’s spare and elegant translation is acclaimed as a faithful rendering of the original. Envisioned as “a discussion between Lao Tzu and a group of people who have thought deeply about his text,” this edition is also unique in providing selections from the many commentaries produced over more than two thousand years by Chinese thinkers to complement the text and give deeper insight into its meaning. Available for Kindle.
- The audaciously titled Tao Te Ching: The Definitive Edition, translated and compiled by Jonathan Star, is a useful resource for anyone who wants to take a scholarly, in-depth approach to reading the text. In addition to his literary translation, it features a literal, line-by-line translation, as well as notes on the possible meanings and connotations of each character. Available for Kindle.
- Tao: The Way (The Sayings of Lao Tzu, Chuang Tzu, and Lieh Tzu) includes revised versions of the classic translations by the scholars Lionel and Herbert Giles, presented in a unique format. Rather than separating the three texts, it combines selections from each text in topical sections like “Tao as a Moral Principle, or Virtue” and “The Doctrine of Inaction.” For someone interested in a philosophy-oriented survey of Taoism, this is an especially useful book. Available for Kindle.
- The Original Analects, edited by E. Bruce Brooks and A. Taeko Brooks, presents a translation and detailed analysis of the original Confucian text The Analects of Confucius for those inclined to a scholarly study of Confucian thought. Their analysis is unique and even revolutionary in that it attempts to distinguish between the original ideas and priorities of Confucius and those of his later followers who collected and altered his teachings.
- With a detailed introduction to Confucian terms and concepts, helpful notes throughout the text, and a very literal approach to translation, Chichung Huang’s version of the Analects is distinguished by its philosophical clarity. As a member of a family of Confucian teachers, Huang has unique credentials among translators of the Analects.
- For a more literary, poetically flavored version of the Analects, consider David Hinton’s translation.
Books About Chinese Divination and Fengshui
With a scholarly and historical (but also lucid and highly readable) approach to the subject of fengshui and other forms of divination, Dr. Stephen Field’s Ancient Chinese Divination is a fascinating tour through the origins and evolution of divination in ancient China, tying together Chinese cosmology, neolithic forms of divination, the Zhou Changes (later known as the I-Ching), fengshui, numerology, and more. The Duke of Zhou Changes: A Study and Annotated Translation of the Zhouyi, his acclaimed translation of the Yijing, is also available on Amazon. Head of the Chinese program at Trinity University, Dr. Field is a specialist in pre-Qin Chinese literature and ancient Chinese cosmology. More of his writings about fengshui and ancient Chinese texts can be found on his website, Fengshui Gate.
Other highly rated books about fengshui include the following:
- A Master Course in Feng-Shui is a comprehensive workbook and reference manual “for homeowners, renters, architects, and business owners who want to put feng-shui to practical personal use.”
- Feng Shui That Makes Sense is intended as a personal guide to help you use basic principles of fengshui to create a more comfortable, harmonious home and garden environment. Available for Kindle.
For someone who is interested in applying fengshui principles or would simply like an unusual conversation piece for their coffee table, a fengshui compass might make an interesting gift.
As an introduction to Chinese poetry in translation, David Hinton’s Classical Chinese Poetry: An Anthology (also available for Kindle) is a perfect gift. More than simply providing a faithful and pleasant translation, Hinton’s ear for verse gives these poems an added power that makes them worth reading as works of English literature too. Writer Bei Dao (Zhao Zhenkai) gave Hinton’s translations just about the highest praise possible: “Given the magnitude of his ability and his overall project, Hinton is creating nothing less than a new literary tradition in English, an event of truly major importance not only to English literature but also to the literature of my own language. I cannot recommend the value of his work too highly.”
Here are a few excerpts from Hinton’s translations of Song Dynasty poet Mei Yaochen’s work:
- On the death of his wife: “I hide my tears, not wanting them to see,/push the lamp away and lie facing the wall,/a hundred sorrows clotting heart and lung”
- On a rat infestation of his home: “Suddenly my silly boy/starts meowing like a cat! Goofy plan, eh?”
- On going blind: “No telling what’s what in this confusion,/I’m suddenly free of likes and dislikes.”
- On the sounds of autumn: “The ear hears, but mind is itself silent./Who’s left now all thought’s forgotten?”
- On peasants forced by desperation to gather weeds in the snow: “Hands so raw they can’t feed themselves, they/live in hunger, and you’re ashamed to eat it?”
Bill Porter, better known by his Chinese name Red Pine, is considered one of the best translators of Chinese literature into English. He has translated numerous volumes of Chinese poetry, as well as other important literary and philosophical texts. For students of the Chinese language, his translations are essential because they include the original Chinese text. Here are some of his most popular volumes of Chinese poetry:
Books About Chinese Society
China: Portrait of a People (Tom Carter): The photos in this book were taken during a two-year journey taken by the author through all of China’s 33 provinces. It is highly recommended for its stunning photos, which are both beautiful and truly representative of China’s many ethnic groups—you can see several sample photos on the book’s Amazon page, and there is also a “book trailer” on YouTube with an array of architecture-oriented photos from the book.
Wild Swans: Three Daughters of China (Jung Chang): This powerful book tells the story of three women whose lives span the tumultuous changes in Chinese society over the course of the 20th century: Chang’s grandmother, her mother, and Chang herself. Both critically acclaimed and popular, Wild Swans is featured in many university and high school courses. Available for Kindle and iBooks.
Factory Girls: From Village to City in a Changing China (Leslie Chang): Written by a former Beijing correspondent for the Wall Street Journal, Factory Girls focuses on the lives of young women in southern China who have left home to take assembly-line work in search of a better future. In intimate detail, it reveals the intense, fast-paced world of migrant workers that is experienced by 130 million people in China but glimpsed by few outsiders. Available for Kindle and iBooks.
Country Driving: A Journey Through China from Farm to Factory (Peter Hessler): Hessler, a Mandarin-speaking American (and husband of Leslie Chang) who has spent years living and traveling in China, is a sharp, sympathetic, and dauntless observer and explorer with a gift for drawing you into his experiences. Country Driving, as its title suggests, covers his extensive road trips through northern China, as well as the time he spent living in a village outside Beijing and visiting factories in southern China. Moving, fascinating, and funny, it is highly recommended for anyone who is interested in understanding the effects that China’s rapid changes have had on its people. Hessler has also written two other well-received books about his time in China: River Town: Two Years on the Yangtze and Oracle Bones. Available for Kindle and iBooks.
This Is China: The First 5,000 Years (Haiwang Yuan): This introduction to China and its history draws from The Berkshire Encyclopedia of China to give readers a concise but comprehensive overview of China. Available for Kindle.
China (DK Eyewitness Books) (Hugh Sebag-Montefiore): This book provides a great introduction to contemporary China for children, with a wealth of photos and information. DK’s Ancient China (by Arthur Cotterell) provides a complementary overview of China’s long history.
For a much more detailed discussion of Chinese language educational materials, many of which would make excellent gifts, see the Mandarin Learning Resources section of The China Guru.
Niubi: The Real Chinese You Were Never Taught in School (Eveline Chao): One fascinating effect of China’s continuing growth and modernization on its popular culture is the explosion in slang expressions that has occurred in recent years, in large part because of the use of the Internet by ever-larger numbers of Chinese citizens. As in the United States, wildly creative, funny, and vulgar new slang can become popular overnight as a result of mass exposure online. Many now-common colloquialisms are given a clear and thorough explanation in this book. For anyone who wants to really speak like a native and have fun with the dynamic, living language that is contemporary Mandarin, this book is a great resource. Available for Kindle and iBooks. For an introduction to the slang covered in this book, see my blog posts “Contemporary Mandarin Slang Part 1” and “Contemporary Mandarin Slang Part 2: Flirting, Dating, Romance, Marriage, and Heartbreak.”
Modern Mandarin Chinese Grammar: A Practical Guide (Claudia Ross and Jing-heng Sheng Ma): For the serious student of Mandarin, this 430-page guide presents detailed, comprehensive information about contemporary grammar and usage. To make the book as useful and relevant as possible, its authors favor the practical over the obscure. Although in this second edition it’s referred to as “Volume 2,” Volume 1 is actually its accompanying workbook. Available for Kindle.
Learning Chinese Characters, Vol. 1: A Revolutionary New Way to Learn and Remember the 800 Most Basic Chinese Characters (Alison Matthews, Laurence Matthews): Most helpful for beginners but also a good reference tool for more advanced learners, this book uses a cartoon-based mnemonic approach to aid in memorization. It presents the characters in a logical order that also makes them easier to memorize, and it also contains useful information about each character. Available for Kindle.
Reading and Writing Chinese is a revised edition of a popular book published many years ago that I consult from time to time to brush up (pun fully intended) on my characters. It is more comprehensive than Learning Chinese Characters, presenting 2,349 characters in a systematic order that builds on elements previously learned. Available for Kindle.
Schaum’s Outline of Chinese Vocabulary (Yanping Xie and Duan-Duan Li): For intermediate-level students, this book contains a well-designed course of 200 exercises to help students understand and memorize practical vocabulary, including topics like computer terminology that are neglected in many other Mandarin sources.
The Integrated Chinese series may be the most popular Chinese textbook series in high schools and universities. The course features textbooks, workbooks, and online resources. The fourth edition of the Volume 1 textbook can be purchased here.
Chinese (Mandarin), Conversational: Learn to Speak and Understand Mandarin Chinese with Pimsleur Language Programs (Pimsleur Instant Conversation): This well-reviewed audiobook (CD) conversational Mandarin course of 16 half-hour lessons is based on the Pimsleur Method. There is also a much more expensive 30-lesson version available. Good for students who are interested in learning the spoken language, who like learning on the go, and who want to be independent of an Internet connection.
Chinese for Dummies may be a good choice for more casual learners doing a self-study program or anyone preparing for a trip to China. It features a mini-dictionary, plenty of contextual information, and online audio tracks. Available for Kindle.
ChinesePod and Rocket Chinese are both getting rave reviews for their online multimedia courses, which include interactive audio lessons, video lessons, games, online communities, and vocabulary building materials. A subscription to either service would be a fantastic gift for someone interested in learning Chinese.
Fluenz Version F2: Mandarin 1+2+3 with supplemental Audio CDs and Podcasts: A well-reviewed (but expensive) 3-disc, 75-lesson CD-ROM set with two audio CDs and supplemental podcasts. Since this course uses pinyin (romanized Chinese) only without Chinese characters, it is appropriate for those who are only interested in learning to speak the language or who want to use this course as a supplement to other materials. The developers of this course describe it as a teacher-oriented approach, with each lesson led by a tutor. They emphasize that in contrast to other learning systems that focus on mimicking patterns, their course involves explanations of grammar and sentence structure to build clear, conscious understanding. For both PC and Mac operating systems, though Mac OS X users should check to make sure it is compatible with recent versions of OS X.
Multimedia Learning Suite Chinese Characters Memory Lifter: Presented in a convenient “plug and play” USB stick format, this program uses multimedia flashcards organized by subject to help you memorize 3,000 Chinese words. Its useful features include a variety of learning modes, the ability to track your learning progress, statistical feedback on your performance, the ability to edit and expand vocabulary sets with your own data, and the ability to print flashcards. The package also includes a study guide, introductory videos, MP3 audiobooks for playback on portable listening devices, and a “Learn to Learn” booklet to help you get the most out of the system.
Good information about tea and teaware can be found on the discussion boards at TeaChat.
Yixing zisha (“purple clay”) teapots (photo credit: Alexandr Solo) are prized for both their beauty and the added richness they impart to the flavor of tea. Although there are apparently a number of English-language retail websites that sell authentic Yixing teapots, my research suggests that these sites may be the best places to purchase them:
Wan Ling Tea House: With a tea shop in Shanghai and other operations based in the U.K., Wan Ling Tea House is a great source for both tea leaves and tea accessories, including Yixing teapots.
Tea Trekker: Highly rated for the quality of their service and products, Mary Lou and Robert Heiss sell a wide range of tea leaves and other products, including Yixing teapots. However, their Chinese tea products may be more expensive than those from Yunnan Sourcing and Wan Ling.
The wonderful Teavana Yixing Travel Tea Tumbler (a stainless-steel, clay-lined thermal tumbler) that I used to recommend is no longer available. Here are a few alternatives:
- Bamboo Tumbler 18-oz Thermos: This seems to be the most highly rated option on Amazon. Leak proof and BPA free, with an infuser basket.
- Thermos 12-ounce Stainless-Steel Tea Tumbler with Infuser: With “vacuum insulation technology,” this unbreakable thermos will keep your tea hot or cold for a long time. It has both a leak-proof travel lid and a separate infuser lid for brewing tea.
- The Teas etc. 12.8-ounce Travel Mug Set has a great design: It is a double-walled, BPA-free, dishwasher-safe plastic mug with a screw-on, removable tea leaf strainer.
- Vibrant All-in-one Travel Mug with Tea Infuser: Highly rated, but some customers have had problems with its manufacturing quality.
- Thermos 16-ounce Drink Bottle with Tea Infuser: Intelligently designed and conveniently dishwasher safe, but not completely leak-proof according to some critical reviews.
- The Tea Drinker’s Handbook (Francois-xavier Delmas, Mathias Minet, and Christine Barbaste): Written in clear English by the co-directors of France’s Le Palais des Thés (“Palace of Tea”) retail chain, this well-designed, accurate, and comprehensive book goes beyond many other books about tea in giving detailed information about tea bushes and the cultivation of tea. It also features 200 full-color photographs and illustrations.
- The Tea Enthusiast’s Handbook: A Guide to Enjoying the World’s Best Teas and The Story of Tea: A Cultural History & Drinking Guide (Mary Lou Heiss and Robert J. Heiss): Written by the founders of Tea Trekker, these books have received a great deal of critical praise and high marks from readers. The Handbook is a “pocket guide” (for a large pocket) that focuses on practical buying, brewing, and tasting advice; The Story of Tea is a more comprehensive tea tome augmented by 150 full-color photographs. Both books are also for sale on Amazon and available for both Kindle and iBooks.
Easy Chinese Recipes: Family Favorites From Dim Sum to Kung Pao (Bee Yinn Low) and The Steamy Kitchen Cookbook: 101 Asian Recipes Simple Enough for Tonight’s Dinner (Jaden Hair): Two very highly rated cookbooks covering the spectrum of Chinese cuisine, with an emphasis on convenient recipes that use ingredients available at American supermarkets. Both books are now available for Kindle.
My favorite regional cuisine is Sichuan (Szechuan) cuisine, which is more varied and sophisticated than the spicy dishes that Westerners are familiar with. Fuchsia Dunlop, the first Westerner to train as a chef at the Sichuan Institute of Higher Cuisine, is a recognized authority on Sichuan cuisine. Her Land of Plenty: A Treasury of Authentic Sichuan Cooking is a fantastic source for Sichuan recipes and for developing a greater understanding of Sichuan cuisine.
Joyce Chen 10-Inch Bamboo Steamer Set and Joyce Chen 50-count Steaming Papers: A set of two stackable bamboo steaming baskets, along with convenient paper liners fitted to the baskets. Another highly rated 10-inch steamer liner option is Helen’s Asian Kitchen Parchment Steamer Liners, 20 Count.
14-Inch Traditional Cast Iron Wok Set: A perfect gift for the budding Chinese cook who wants to cook the traditional way, this is an “old-school” wok (without teflon) that has received good reviews on Amazon. It includes four pieces: the wok, an aluminum lid, a stainless steel spatula, and a wok ring. Another highly rated option, though without the extra items, is the Lodge 14 Inch Cast Iron Wok. For a high-quality teflon-coated wok, consider this 14-inch wok from T-Fal. Those with a bigger budget might also like the Calphalon Elite Nonstick Wok, which features a glass cover.
Oriental Furniture is a highly rated seller with a broad selection of Chinese and Asian furniture, art, and decorative accessories.
Oriental Art Supply and Asian Art Mall are two reputable online retailers that offer a huge selection of calligraphy- and art-related supplies and products. Oriental Art Supply is owned by the family of Dr. Ning Yeh, an accomplished painter.
Here are a few art-related gift ideas available on Amazon:
Chinese calligraphy writing and brush painting set with 5 brushes, an ink stick, an inkstone, signing ink, a water well, a brush rest, and a stone chop. Be aware that the brushes are quite small and may be unsuitable for people with larger hands. (This set can be supplemented with these large brushes; Art Advantage also sells other ink and brush sets on Amazon that can be viewed on the same page.) Although it has a reasonably good rating overall, numerous reviewers have criticized the quality of this set; if you’re not in a hurry to receive it, I’d recommend looking for a higher-quality set on one of the websites above.
Chinese Calligraphy Made Easy: A Structured Course in Creating Beautiful Brush Lettering (Rebecca Yue): A well-reviewed book for beginning practitioners of Chinese calligraphy.
100 sheets Japanese Chinese Calligraphy Rice Paper: Well-reviewed paper used for calligraphy and brush painting practice.
A personalized Chinese seal, also referred to as a chop or stamp, makes a classy and unique gift. Oriental Art Supply sells personalized seals carved in China in a variety of configurations; square artist name seals like the ones pictured here are the most commonly used. (See the “Related Products” links at the bottom of the page for other kinds of seals.) Asian Brush Art & Graphic Design also sells customized seals.
If you need to create a Chinese name for someone without one, try these websites:
- MandarinTools.com: A sophisticated name generator with a variety of options; it gives rough phonetic transliteration of Western names within the parameters of a traditional three-character Chinese name (one-character surname, two-character given name). It also provides some information about the specific names it generates and Chinese names in general, along with links to other sources of information about Chinese names.
- Chinese-Tools.com: This name generator handles one name at a time only (given name or surname), and it outputs common transliterations of Western names that do not follow the format of a traditional Chinese name. These names are immediately recognizable as Western names and may or may not work well on a seal.
- ChineseTools.eu: This name generator works just like the one above.
You can get a digital version of the seal stamp on these websites to see what it might look like:
For anyone interested in t’ai chi ch’uan (太極拳, tàijíquán), lessons with a local instructor would be a perfect gift. San Francisco Bay Area residents are fortunate to have an internationally famous sifu available for both group classes and individual lessons: Master Amin Wu (吴阿敏, Wú Āmǐn). A graduate of the Wushu Department of the Beijing University of Physical Education, she has won numerous international tournaments and China national championships, served as a judge at China’s national championships, and been a featured instructor on China Central Television (CCTV). She teaches all major styles of taijiquan (Yang, Chen, Sun, and Wu), as well as ch’i kung (氣功, qìgōng) exercises for health, t’ai chi weapons, and self defense. She teaches both group classes and private lessons at her studio in Millbrae. Her classes and lessons are very reasonably priced, especially for such an accomplished teacher. Visit her website to find out more and purchase her Yang-style Tai Chi Fundamentals for Beginners DVD and other VCD’s. See performance videos and interviews on her YouTube channel.
In San Antonio, Horacio Lopez is a respected and highly accomplished taijiquan teacher who has been teaching here for decades. Visit his website here.
The Martial Arts Store has an incredible selection of martial arts-related goods.
Feiyue martial arts shoes: These shoes are apparently the kind worn by Shaolin monks during training. Flexible, padded, and light, they are ideal for martial arts and similar activities. One drawback is that the shoes’ rubbery soles have a strong smell at first that diminishes over time. Note that these shoes are different (lighter, for martial arts practice) than the shoes sold on the official Feiyue website based in France, which are more fashion-oriented shoes.
Martial arts practitioners interested in incorporating Taoist philosophy into their daily lives will find Deng Ming-Dao’s Scholar Warrior: An Introduction to the Tao in Everyday Life invaluable. Also available for Kindle.
The Way of Energy: Mastering the Chinese Art of Internal Strength with Chi Kung Exercise (Master Lam Kam-Chuen): An introduction to zhanzhuang (站樁, zhànzhuāng), a simple but powerfully health-promoting form of ch’i kung that involves standing still in various postures and can be done by people of all ages. This book is very highly regarded for its lucid explanations of qigong concepts and its easy-to-follow instructions, augmented by more than 100 drawings and photographs. Complementary video clips by the author can be found on the StandStillBeFit channel on YouTube.
Here is another collection of Mandarin slang expressions—some of the more commonly used expressions I’ve come across in chatting with and listening to native speakers, and in books like Eveline Chao’s Niubi! The Real Chinese You Were Never Taught in School, Zhou Yimin and James J. Wang’s Mutant Mandarin, James J. Wang’s Outrageous Chinese: A Guide to Chinese Street Language, and Li Shujuan and Yan Ligang’s Chinese-English Dictionary of Modern Slang of China.
For more Chinese slang expressions, read my previous post, Contemporary Mandarin Slang Part 1. Comprehensive learning resources, advice, reviews, and links for people interested in learning Chinese can be found on my Mandarin Learning Resources page or its subpages.
Flirting and Dating Behavior, Compliments and Insults
调情 (tiáoqíng): to flirt
泡妞 (pàoniū): to pick up girls; to flirt with, hit on, or hook up with girls
辣妹 (làmèi): hot chick; sexy girl (literally, “spicy little sister”)
帅哥 (shuàigē): hunk; handsome guy (often used to address a man in a flattering way)
倍儿棒 (bèir bàng): northern Chinese slang for “really awesome”; one common use of this expression is to describe someone’s body
花瓶 (huāpíng): a beautiful person who is not intelligent, capable, or talented; eye candy (literally, “flower vase”)
绣花枕头 (xiùhuā zhěntou): synonym for 花瓶; someone (or something) beautiful but useless (literally, “embroidered pillow”)
撒娇 (sǎjiāo): [of females] to act like a spoiled child, speaking in the voice of a little girl, whining, pouting, acting clingy and dependent; such behavior on the part of a woman to her boyfriend or husband is considered charming in Chinese culture
女人小坏，男人疼爱 (nǚrén xiǎohuài, nánrén téng’ài): “If a woman behaves mischievously (more literally, “is a little bit bad” or “does little bad things”), a man will love her dearly.”
老牛吃嫩草 (lǎoniú chī nèncǎo): a relationship between two people with a large age gap (literally, “old cow eating tender grass”)
装嫩 (zhuāng nèn): to “pretend to be tender”; to act, speak, and/or dress much younger than one’s actual age
花 (huā): an adjective used to describe a player; horny, womanizing
花心 (huāxīn): to be fickle in love; to have a tendency to be unfaithful
花花公子 (huāhuā gōngzi): playboy; “player,” often one who dresses up like a dandy (literally, “flower prince”)
麦芽糖女人 (màiyátáng nǚrén): clingy, possessive woman (literally, “malt sugar woman,” as malt sugar is sticky)
约会 (yuēhuì): to have a date [with someone]; to make an appointment [with someone]; also, a date or appointment (noun)
网恋 (wǎngliàn): Internet dating
AA制 (AA zhì): “going Dutch”; each person paying his or her share (often used as just “AA” in sentences, e.g. 我们 AA 吧。)
有异性，没人性 (yǒu yìxìng, méi rénxìng): “Once you have a boyfriend or girlfriend, you forget your friends”; used to complain about a friend’s failure to spend time with you after starting to date someone new. (More literally, “Once you have someone of the opposite gender, you lose your humanity.”)
暗恋 (ànliàn): to have a crush (on); literally, “secretly love”
谈恋爱 (tán liàn’ài): to date; to “go steady” with; to have a relationship with
来电 (láidiàn): to have a romantic spark, feel electricity, have chemistry [with someone]
一见钟情 (yí jiàn zhōng qíng): love at first sight; to fall in love at first sight
(Note: The character “一” takes the second tone when spoken before a fourth-tone character.)
宝贝 (bǎobèi): “baby” or “dear”; a term of endearment for a loved one
老公 (lǎogōng): affectionate term for husband, originally from Cantonese but now in widespread use
老婆 (lǎopó): affectionate term for wife, originally from Cantonese but now in widespread use
私房钱 (sīfángqián): money kept secret from a wife or husband; e.g. for use after leaving one’s spouse or in case one is left by one’s spouse, or as personal spending money
床头儿柜 (chuángtóurguì): a hen-pecked husband (literally, “bedside cabinet”; 柜 is a homophone for 跪, suggesting a man who kneels beside the bed in deference to his wife)
Cheating and Heartbreak
吃醋 (chīcù): to be jealous (literally, “eat vinegar”)
醋坛子 (cù tánzi): jealous person (literally, “vinegar jar”)
三角恋 (sānjiǎo liàn): love triangle
蜜 (mì): girlfriend; lover; mistress (literally “honey”)
有一腿 (yǒu yì tuǐ): to have an affair (literally, “to have one leg,” suggesting the entwined legs of lovers)
(Note: The character “一” takes the fourth tone when spoken before a third-tone character.)
戴绿帽子 (dài lǜ màozi): to be cuckolded (literally, “wear a green hat”)
包二奶 (bāo èrnǎi): to have a mistress (“二奶” is a term meaning “second wife” from the days when polygamy was practiced in China)
小老婆 (xiǎo lǎopó): mistress (literally, “little wife”)
外遇 (wàiyù): affair; extramarital relations (literally, “outside/external meeting”)
心碎 (xīnsuì): brokenhearted
One fascinating effect of China’s continuing growth and modernization on its popular culture is the explosion in slang expressions that has occurred in recent years, in large part because of the use of the Internet by ever-larger numbers of Chinese citizens. As in the United States, wildly creative, funny, and vulgar new slang expressions can become popular overnight as a result of mass exposure online. Posts tagged with “China” on the Schott’s Vocab blog in the New York Times will give you a brief taste of recent developments in Mandarin slang.
If you’re interested in learning much more about Chinese slang, either as part of a serious course of study or just for the hell of it, I highly recommend Eveline Chao’s book Niubi! The Real Chinese You Were Never Taught in School. Many expressions I’ve heard my Chinese friends and in-laws use quite frequently (disclaimer: not the dirty ones!) but didn’t fully understand are given a clear and thorough explanation in the book. If you want to really speak like a native and have fun with the dynamic, living language that is contemporary Mandarin, this book is a great resource. Here is a selection of some widely used expressions, along with some of my personal favorites that I’ve come across so far, in both my own daily life and her book.
Literal meaning: “add fuel” (add + fuel)
Colloquial usage: “Go!” or “Let’s go!” (a way of offering encouragement, e.g. to players in a sporting event)
Literal meaning: ruthless, strong (e.g. wine)
Colloquial usage: “cool” (a loanword from English slang)
Literal meaning: “give power” (give + power)
Colloquial usage: “cool,” “awesome,” “exciting” (northern slang)
Literal meaning: “nothing to chat (about)” (nothing/lacking + chat)
Colloquial usage: “boring” or “bored”; also used to playfully scold someone who’s making a joke of questionable taste
Literal meaning: “melancholy,” “depressed” (melancholy + depressed)
Colloquial usage: “boring”/“bored,” “depressing”/“depressed,” “(I’m) bored/depressed!”
Literal meaning: “blank imbecile” (white/blank + stupid/imbecile)
Colloquial usage: “idiot,” “dumbass”
Literal meaning: “stupid egg” (stupid + egg)
Colloquial usage: “dummy” (not necessarily harsh; often affectionate)
滚蛋 (gǔndàn), 滚开 (gǔnkāi)
Literal meaning: “roll egg,” “roll away” (roll + egg, roll + away)
Colloquial usage: “Go away!”, “Get out of here!”, “Get lost!”
土 (tǔ), 土包子 (tǔbāozi)
Literal meaning: 土 = “dirt” or “earth”; 包子 = “steamed bun,” a common food in poor and rural areas (“dirt”; “dirt” + “steamed bun”)
Colloquial usage: 土 = “ignorant,” “uncultured,” “rural,” “untrendy,” “out”; 土包子 = “yokel” or “bumpkin” (also, anyone out of touch with or ignorant about modern or trendy things)
Literal meaning: “so rural that [one is] shedding dirt”
Colloquial usage: “What/Such a bumpkin!”, “So ignorant/untrendy!”
Literal meaning: “dog fart” (dog + fart/butt)
Colloquial usage: “BS!”, “Nonsense!”
Literal meaning: “wasted words” (waste + words/speech)
Colloquial usage: “Nonsense!” or “Duh!” (“Well, of course, you dummy!”, “Thank you, Captain Obvious!”)
Literal meaning: “speak blindly” (blind + speak)
Colloquial usage: “to speak nonsense,” “Nonsense!”
拜托 (bàituō), 帮帮忙 (bāngbāngmáng)
Literal meaning: “please”; “help [me] out”
Colloquial usage: “Oh, please!”, “Yeah, right!”, “Come on!”, “Gimme a break!” (sarcastic)
吹牛 (chuī niú) [from 吹牛皮 (chuī niúpí)]
Literal meaning: “to blow up (inflate) a cow” [“blow up a cowhide”]
Colloquial usage: “to brag” (especially when making exaggerated or false claims)
Literal meaning: cow, ox
Colloquial usage: “awesome,” “badass” (For an explanation of the surprisingly vulgar origin of this widely used expression, see Eveline Chao’s book.)
拍马屁 (pāi mǎpì)
Literal meaning: “pat the horse’s butt” (pat + horse + butt)
Colloquial usage: “flatter” (especially to flatter someone in a position of authority or someone with the power to help you with something)
Literal meaning: “lacking strength” (lacking/no + strength)
Colloquial usage: “lame”
面 (miàn), 面瓜 (miànguā)
Literal meaning: “noodles”; “noodle melon” (noodles + melon)
Colloquial usage: “wimpy,” “timid,” “weak”; “wimp,” “wuss,” “coward” (northern slang)
Literal meaning: “foolish melon”
Colloquial usage: “little fool,” “silly billy” (usually affectionate)
Literal meaning: “three eight” (three + eight)
Colloquial usage: “silly” (often used to describe feminine silliness), though it can have a stronger, more insulting meaning among some Mainland Chinese
书虫 (shūchóng), 书呆子 (shūdāizi)
Literal meaning: “bookbug” (book + bug/insect), “bookish fool” (book + fool/idiot)
Colloquial usage: “bookworm,” “nerd,” “a person with no social skills”
In her book, Eveline Chao doesn’t pull any punches; she includes a wide array of vulgar and extremely insulting expressions that I’ve elected to leave out of this post. So if you want to know when people are saying bad things about or to you (or want to be able to dish it out in return), you’ll find her book extremely useful.
In honor of the Year of the Dog, I present photos of dogs I’ve taken all across China. Enjoy, and have a healthy and prosperous year!